Python is a high-level, interpreted, and general-purpose dynamic programming language that focuses on code readability. It has fewer steps when compared to Java and C. It was founded in 1991 by developer Guido Van Rossum. Python ranks among the most popular and fastest-growing languages in the world. Python is a powerful, flexible, and easy-to-use language. In addition, the community is very active there. It is used in many organizations as it supports multiple programming paradigms. It also performs automatic memory management.
Various applications of Python:
· Building various GUI based Desktop applications
· Games development
· Enterprise or business applications
· Data Science
· Graphic design, image processing applications, Games, and Scientific/ computational Applications
· Web frameworks and applications
· Operating Systems
· Database Access
· Language Development
· Software Development
Benefits of using Python
More than being an exceptional programming language, it is the combination of features that makes Python widely adopted for diverse applications development.
· Presence of third-party modules
Python Package Index (PyPI) comprises a multitude of third-party modules which makes Python integrate with other languages and platforms easily.
· Extensive support libraries
Python is fraught with numerous standard libraries that include string operations, internet protocols, web service tools, Machine Learning libraries, and operating System Interfaces. The presence of these libraries essentially helps in reducing the code to be written by the programmer.
· Open source and community development
Python is free for use even for commercial purposes. Moreover, active developers can contribute by developing modules and appending them to the existing library. Due to lack of official technical support for Python is open-sourced has prompted the development of communities that enrich the resource bank for continued development and adoption of the language.
· Easy to read, learn and write
Python is popular for its excellent readability. This means, even a non-programmer can read and comprehend the uncluttered syntax. The PEP 8 guidelines provide a set of rules to help in formatting the code.
· User-Friendly data structures
With its built-in data structures, Python can easily construct run-time data structures including Arrays, Lists, tuples, and Files.
Being expressive and with object-oriented design, Python contributes to increased speed and productivity even with less amount of coding. Python is considered ideal for developing complex, multi-protocol network applications.
· Dynamically typed language
No need to mention data type based on the value assigned, it takes data type.
· Highly Efficient
Python’s clean object-oriented design provides enhanced process control, and the language is equipped with excellent text processing and integration capabilities, as well as its own unit testing framework, which makes it more efficient.
· High-level language
· Object-oriented language
· Portable and Interactive
· Ideal for prototypes – provide more functionality with less coding
· (IOT) Internet of Things Opportunities
· Interpreted Language
· Portable across Operating systems
Organizations using Python
· Google (Components of Google spider and Search Engine)
· Yahoo (Maps)